speech appears in the June
1, 2001 issue of Executive Intelligence Review.
An African Renaissance
Mr. Gahururu is a
representative of the Rally for Democracy in Rwanda (RDR), in charge of
foreign relations. He
delivered the following address to a conference
panel entitled "Peace through Development in Africa: The Moral
Challenge for Europe," on May 5.
you, Mr. Chairman, for giving me the opportunity to address this friendly
gathering. Allow me to thank the Schiller Institute for giving me the
occasion for this study trip, and especially, allow me to express my
thanks for having scheduled two interventions by the Rwanda delegation.
Our message is unique: We are launching a solemn appeal and a cry of
alarm, an SOS for Rwanda and the Great Lakes Region.
the name of my own political organization, the RDR, one of the Rwanda
political organizations which are struggling to promote the rebirth of
Rwanda and Africa, allow me to express my profound gratitude for having
given so much space at your seminar for men from my continent, a dying
continent, to speak. I refer most especially to Lyn and Helga LaRouche,
whose commitment towards Africa dates far back. Your loving relationship
towards our continent began many years back.
example, over 25 years ago, in 1974, you set up a team headed by Warren
Hamerman, who, at that time, under your leadership, had warned of the
worldwide holocaust which would be result of International Monetary Fund
and World Bank policies in Africa. At the time, you had pointed to the
neo-Malthusian doctrine expounded by these monetary institutions. You
analyzed the nefarious influence of budgetary austerity, dictated, in true
neo-colonialist fashion, to the continent.
you said at the time was, and remains true today. The Bretton Woods
institutions crushed economic growth, and sped on the process
disintegrating our national economies. The greatest paradox lay in the
fact that their policy led to a fall in national revenue, and, using as a
pretext the need to make good the shortfall, the policy only led to a
vicious circle of further austerity measures. Look at Africa today! A
bitter sight to see! The famous Structural Adjustment Programs have done
nothing but drag downwards physical production per capita. The possibility
for men to create has shrunk, while both the social and economic life of
our citizens is in jeopardy, in both the short and long term.
is, in part, from this standpoint that one should understand the many acts
of genocide in a dying Africa.
Program for Africa
Mr. LaRouche, did warn us! For example, in April 1975, your movement had
opposed this policy of genocide, by a program of great projects for
Africa. You cited, in particular, a road and rail network, and a project
to develop the Sudanese savannah and the Sahel in West Africa. The latter
took form in 1980, with the Committee for a New Africa Policy, which was
then led by Hulan Jack. You took a stand, and launched a campaign to
industrialize the whole continent. Your highly constructive criticism is
still fresh in our mind, notably your famous analysis of the [Organization
of African Unity's] Lagos Action Plan, in April 1980.
me to note as an aside, that I would advise all African economics
faculties to read, and draw the lessons, from that valuable document,
which is still very much up to date. You note, chapter, book, and verse,
the conceptual errors of the Lagos Plan, stressing the institutional
obstacles to the development of nation-states on our continent.
were even more concrete in 1985, when, within the Democratic Party faction
you lead, you proposed interlocking infrastructural and development
projects. I would single out the railroad projects from Egypt, which
concern my native region, the Great Lakes, via Sudan, to include Uganda,
Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, and Tanzania. There was also the water-management
project for the Nile and Lake Victoria basins. We followed closely the
impact of your recent contribution, on your latest trip to Sudan, where
you renewed your appeal to institutionalize a pact between the
nation-states concerned by this vital project [see EIR,
Feb. 9, 2001].
LaRouche, there are many of us from our region, who would express their
gratitude to you. For us in Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, and the Congo, we are
proud to count you among the few statesmen who have publicly denounced the
genocide striking at our respective peoples.
War Is Intensifying
is taking place: wars of genocide, unleashed by criminals against mankind.
What follows is a credible statement from a witness who broke through the
borders of darkness. It is a transcription of a homily by Msgr. Dominique
Kimpinde, the bishop of Kalemie-Kiriungu in the Democratic Republic of
Congo. We learn that "the war, far from being over, is now
intensifying . . . in southeastern parts of the Congo like
Kyoko, Nyemba, Nyunwu. . . . The situation is still more
dramatic for those who have remained behind. The children are little old
men, there is neither clothing, nor soap, nor salt, nor medicine. . . .
This fearful situation is not known abroad. Recordings are confiscated,
letters, even those given to travellers, are opened, read, and often
seized. We have no freedom. Even in Moscow, under Communism, I believe
that prisoners could communicate with their families. So cut off are we,
we live like slaves, in fear and anxiety that our lives will be lost. And
there is no refuge, no succour."
U.S. association, the International Rescue Committee, found, in June 2000,
that 1.7 million lives had been lost in the Congolese war. That agency has
just revised its figures upwards. It confirms a report from a Washington
Post reporter, Karl Vick, who revealed in the Washington Post on April 2,
2001, that the conflict has probably already led to the death of 3 million
Congolese. Since August 1998, Kivu has undergone systematic depopulation.
More than 2.5 million are in refugee camps. They are wandering about the
interior, or are in camps in Tanzania, Zambia, Sudan, the Central African
Republic, Rwanda, Uganda, Congo, Brazzaville, etc. Women have been buried
alive at Kalambi (Mwenga). Massacres have been perpetrated at Makobola and
near Fizi, everywhere, even in hospitals, such as that at Mukongola (Kabare).
Rep. Cythnia McKinney (D-Ga.) was not wrong when she spoke of
"genocide" in the Congo. There is, indeed, a systematic
character to the killings, which have been carefully planned ahead of
time. It cannot be a mere accident, that humanitarian aid has been
systematically blocked, that the civilian population has been dispersed
towards such inhospitable areas. . . .
may perhaps have read the latest experts' report on the illegal
exploitation of the Congo's natural resources. The report refers to
systematic looting of its minerals, coffee, wood, cattle, by armies of the
Burundi [President Pierre] Buyoya, of the Rwandan [President Paul] Kagame,
and of that Ugandan Hitler, [Yoweri] Museveni. The looting goes on,
treading underfoot the Congo's sovereignty, as well as international law.
The outcome is twofold: These aggressor armies have gained access to vast
financial resources, and have built up a mafia net, made up of regional
and international criminal bands, but operating on a global scale!
you wish further detail, as to what these campaigns of deregulation,
globalization, and so forth, mean for us in Africa?
Price the Great Lakes Region Has Paid
Great Lakes region knows the price it has paid: the death of 6 million
people in Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Congo, written off as
collateral losses, against the revenue of diamonds and gold. The
international community, paralyzed by its guilt for having failed to act
whilst genocide took place in Rwanda in April 1994, allowed Kagame's army,
backed by Museveni and Buyoya, to unleash terror throughout the region.
me tell you one thing about Rwanda. As the Belgian Parliamentary Inquiry
on the genocide in Rwanda showed, it was Paul Kagame who laid down an
ultimatum to the foreign troops present at that time: Leave the country,
and refrain from all assistance to the Rwandans in danger of death.
one should bear in mind that the final report of the UN Commission on the
genocide in Rwanda, prepared under the chairmanship of the former Togolese
Minister Mr. Atsu-Koffi Amega, was perfectly clear as to what occurred
between April and July 1994 in Rwanda. The report concluded that both
military men commanded by Kagame, and those of the former Rwandan
government, had broken international humanitarian law and perpetrated
crimes against humanity.
ever more reliable witnesses have pointed to the RPF [Rwandan Patriotic
Front], in general, and Kagame, in particular, as having been behind the
murder of the Rwanda President [Juvenal] Habyarimana, and his Burundi
colleague, Cyprean Ntaryamira, along with several close associates and the
French aircrew, on April 7, 1994. As you will recall, this murder led,
according to the UN Commission of experts, to "crimes against
humanity and acts of genocide."
we call for a major initiative to save peace and security, we first mean
restoring truth and justice. We need your political and diplomatic support
to solve a life-and-death problem affecting the peace and security of more
than 150 million inhabitants in the Great Lakes region. France has already
put forward the excellent idea of an international conference on durable
peace and security in the Great Lakes area. It deserves our support. For
that dialogue to take place, and lead to real results, it must be open to
all sides, and held under circumstances which will allow the participants
to come to what might be like the Münster Agreement [the Treaty of
Westphalia] which ended the Thirty Years War in Europe in the 17th
are urgent situations which require your intervention to save the peace: a
halt to the hostilities; setting up a legitimate state in our area, along
with republican armed forces and security forces which will reassure each
citizen; strict respect for the rights of the individual; peaceful return
of the refugees; partial, or general amnesty following proper trials; the
freeing of political prisoners.
assured of one thing: Contrary to calumnious reports in the press, in our
own region, and throughout the diaspora, there is great determination to
end the suicide of our respective peoples. Despite great suffering, we are
mobilized for a culture which stands for life and freedom. We intend to
contribute to the idea of an African renaissance, as it has been ardently
defended by Presidents [Thabo] Mbeki of South Africa, [Gen. Olusegun]
Obasanjo of Nigeria, [Abdelaziz] Bouteflika of Algeria, and [Abdoulaye]
Wade of Senegal. Everyone agrees: The Rwandan cauldron represents—unless
something be done—the threshold of a new Dark Age for the whole
continent. Rwanda, and the Great Lakes area, is a test of conscience for
the whole of mankind. This is where humanity shall show of what stuff it
is made, that it has the morality and the energy required.
Growth Is Crucial
concretely, and to a subject dear to LaRouche: Only the perspective of
growth in the real economy, such as would improve the living conditions of
the population, can bring hope back to our region, and to all of Africa.
This also happens to be the fundamental requirement to settling our
will be no peace, unless our countries know social and economic progress.
The last 25 years have been a great let-down for Africa. Her youth is now
convinced that the West is concerned only to control, and loot, her raw
materials. And although some governments have perhaps helped a little more
than others, they have not dared to overthrow the basic trend of a
disastrous policy. An international conference on the Great Lakes would
bring back onto the agenda this sort of issue, which has constantly been
put off at the summits of Western heads of state.
crucial point: $350 billion of Africa debt. That debt must be redirected,
so as to allow infrastructure projects to go up all over the continent,
without which, poverty will never be wiped out, nor will there be
industrial and agricultural development. My own political organization is
deeply grateful to a friend of Africa, who has helped us to understand the
stakes involved in the renaissance of Africa, for which he has made the
Leibnizian concept clear: a fusion between political, economic, social,
and cultural progress, on the one hand, and scientific and technological
progress on the other.