speech appears in the June
1, 2001 issue of Executive Intelligence Review.
Fight for a World
Of the IMF, World Bank
Mr. Ndarubagiye is a
representative of the National Committee for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD)
in Burundi. He delivered the following address to a conference
panel entitled "Peace through Development in Africa: The Moral
Challenge for Europe," on May 5.
start my speech by remembering our friend [Taras Muranivsky] from Russia,
who passed away and who was with us here last year; I beg our Russian
friends present in this forum to convey our condolences to his bereaved
family. [See Tributes
in Memory of Prof. Taras Muranivsky (in Russian).] After this note of
sorrow, I now express a different note of respect by greeting our friends
who are now free after long and painful years in jail in America as
political prisoners. I salute their own courage and the patience of their
families. No matter how difficult the struggle is or may be, let us all
stick together as a family around Mr. and Mrs. LaRouche.
name is Leonce Ndarubagiye. I am from Burundi, and it is an honor for me to
be here representing the Chairman of our liberation movement, the CNDD, the
Honorable Leonard Nyangoma. I am sincerely grateful to the Schiller
Institute for having invited me and my colleague Jean-Baptiste Bigirimana to
participate in this seminar. I always say that when I leave here after a
seminar, I go back home less stupid than I came in, because I learn things
that are not even taught in universities, about what is going on around the
globe. You particularly opened my eyes about the IMF [International Monetary
Fund] and the World Bank.
is my second time to participate, and I certainly will learn more once
again. When I was here last Summer, little did I know that I would be
witnessing the result of your campaign through the protests against the
Bretton Woods institutions and the World Trade Organization in Seattle and
Ottawa, as well as elsewhere in the world. Even if some of those protesting
don't even know the existence of the Schiller Institute, they all learned
from you in one way or another, because you certainly were the first people
and organization to talk about the misdeeds of these Bretton Woods
institutions. I therefore take this opportunity to congratulate you, Mr.
LaRouche and your team.
said this, please allow me now to develop the topic I have been assigned to,
namely, the situation in the Great Lakes region of Africa, which comprises
the following states: Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda,
Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.
Crisis in Burundi
this small country in the heart of Africa, is in a dramatic crisis which
takes its origins on Oct. 21, 1993, when the army assassinated the
democratically elected President, [FIGURE 21]the late Melchior Ndadaye, and
overthrew his government, which we were part of. I was then the Governor of
one of the 16 provinces in Burundi, and I escaped death by a miracle, by
quickly leaving my residence for a hideout only five minutes before a lorry
of 24 soldiers armed to the teeth arrived, searching for me, with firm
instructions from people I well know to come and kill me. If I am still
alive, it is thanks to a Chinese lady and her team who made up the Chinese
Health Mission in the province where I was the Governor. They took me in
refuge into their house and hid me at that crucial time.
when the army assassinated the President and overthrew the government, the
leaders who escaped assassination decided to organize the masses into an
armed struggle of resistance, with the aim of restoring democracy in
Burundi. That is how our liberation movement, the CNDD, was created, led by
the Hon. Leonard Nyangoma. The truth about the civil war in Burundi, is that
it pits the military dictatorship and its army, on the one hand, and the
people and their elected leaders, on the other hand.
you will all have heard from the not-so-neutral world press that the civil
war pits some backward and primitive tribes called the Hutu and the Tutsi of
Burundi, [which are] exterminating each other with no other apparent reason
than the tribe [affiliations]. This way of misleading the public and telling
lies is a cunning trick to hide the invisible hand of "civilized"
governments who support the military dictator, Maj. Pierre Buyoya—who is
presented by the same media as a "moderate," although more than
300,000 people have been slaughtered since he came to power through the coup
be informed that you find both Hutu and Tutsi in the oligarchy, as well as
in the armed struggle. So, the whole thing is about democratic principles,
and not about tribes. The best example of what I just said, is that my
colleague Jean-Baptiste Bigirimana is a Hutu and I am a Tutsi, yet we are
both faithful members of the CNDD and of its delegation here. Our two
colleagues from Rwanda are Hutu, but I as a Tutsi have no quarrel with them.
So, please let no one fool you that the war in Burundi is a Hutu-Tutsi
conflict; it is all about democracy versus dictatorship.
Rwanda and Uganda, both countries have a similar situation of dictatorship,
where the rule of law is replaced by the rule of one major-general, be it
[Paul] Kagame or [Yoweri] Museveni. Both men are the proxies of the IMF, the
World Bank, and whoever hides behind these Bretton Woods financial
institutions. Both countries are ruled by a single-party political system,
but believe me, there is also resistance against these dictatorships. Yet,
they are given as examples in Africa of development, and no one tells them
to hurry up in democratizing their regimes, like in other parts of Africa.
You are certainly aware that these two regimes invaded the Congo, under the
pretext of protecting their respective borders from would-be terrorists
supposedly coming from the Congo. We happen to know that when they attacked,
they went straight, landing their paratroopers in the western coast of the
Congo in the towns of Kitona, Banana, Moanda, Boma, and conquering Matadi,
Mbanzangungu, while simultaneously invading the eastern part of the Congo.
How can those people be so unscrupulous to tell such lies of defending their
borders 2,500 kilometers away, at the other end of Congo on the Atlantic
coast! It is like Norway defending its borders somewhere in North Africa.
naked truth is that Rwanda and Uganda are on somebody else's contract to
prevent the Congo from controlling its own mines or selling them to any
undesired buyer, especially such sensitive mines as uranium, cobalt, and
others. Allow me to tell you this: You have recently learned about a United
Nations report accusing Rwanda and Uganda of looting Congolese wealth. Did
you guess the meaning of this report? Its aim was to remind Rwanda and
Uganda that they have been paid and sent to the Congo as watchmen of their
masters, yet the watchmen are stealing from the granary. You will take
notice that no one makes report about the looting done by Lebanese and
Israelis in the Congo, because these are authorized agents or authorized
looters. Burundi has also sent troops into Congo and has been accused of
in the Name of Liberalization
the Congo, we can say that this country is a victim of its wealth. Everybody
wants to take a slice of the huge and sweet cake, except the legitimate
owners, the Congolese, who have been prevented from defending their
property. The people of the Congo must take their responsibility and fight
whoever invades their land. It is irrelevant to rely on foreign troops to
defend one's property without putting up a minimum of resistance. The wealth
that lies under the surface of their land is a God-given right.
do not have much to say about Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia, except
that these countries share with the four others named above, Burundi, Congo,
Rwanda, and Uganda, the unfortunate fate of crumbling under the burden of
the debt. Please let me remind you that in the 1970s, developing countries
owed $2.3 trillion to the lenders who call themselves donors—as Mr.
LaRouche said yesterday, correctly, today those [donor] countries
[themselves] owe more than $70 trillion and have a debt service of $230
billion a year; who can survive under such circumstances?
come back to the countries of the Great Lakes region of Africa, they all
share a colonial past, the neo-colonial present, and the tragedies caused by
the globalization dictated by the IMF, the World Bank, and the World Trade
Organization. They are told to liberalize their economies, to privatize
their domestic companies, to cut off their customs duties and tariffs, to
borrow money for the white elephant of Structural Adjustment Program, to
open up their markets to foreign investments. The result is that these
countries are relinquishing more and more their sovereignty.
would like to know, who will take care of the citizens of these countries,
once multinational companies will have acquired everything in the land? Will
Africans request, then, Coca-Cola and IBM, Elf-Aquitaine, Telekom,
Mitsubishi, and others, to build schools, hospitals, roads, and bridges? Of
course not. Africans will be doomed and abandoned to their tragic fate. All
that in the name of liberalization: This globalization is the easiest way of
destroying nation-states, while trampling on their sovereignty and honor.
have information according to which large African countries will be cut to
size, by encouraging secessions, especially those who happen to have the
potentiality of becoming strong, once organized. So, a country like Congo
will be divided into six separate so-called independent, weak states, to be
dictated by multinationals and from which to loot mercilessly. All this will
happen while America and Europe are uniting their respective continents into
bigger entities, which will then be able to swallow the weak. It is very
proposal is that we study at this seminar the ways and means to fight for a
better world for all, free from the IMF, the World Bank, the World Trade
Organization, and selective international courts.